Apartment List.com has released data on tenant evictions across the US, including Connecticut.
The site’s research shows “nearly one in five renters were unable to pay their rent in full for at least one of the past three months,” 3.7 million American renters have experienced an eviction.
In New Haven 4.1% of renters faced evictions, 3.4% in Hartford and only 2.2% in the New York Metro area.
According to research director, Chris Salviati “evictions disproportionately impact the most vulnerable members of our society. Renters without a college education are more than twice as likely to face eviction as those with a four-year degree.”
He added, "we find that black households face the highest rates of eviction, even when controlling for education and income. Perhaps most troublingly, households with children are twice as likely to face an eviction threat, regardless of marital status.”
Data and Methodology
To contribute to the research on the complex issue of rental insecurity, Apartment List included data from its millions of users to examine trends at the national and metro levels. They collected detailed data on rental security through their annual renter survey, which gathered more than 41,000 responses.
Survey questions related to rental insecurity included:
In the last three months, has there been a time when you were unable to pay all or part of the rent?
Have you been threatened with eviction in the last year?
What was the primary reason for threatened eviction?
Was the move from your most recent prior residence the result of an eviction?
Apartment List estimates show that 3.3 percent of renters have experienced an eviction at some point in the past, and 2.4 percent were evicted from their most recent residence. With an estimated 118 million renters in the U.S. today, we estimate that 3.7 million Americans have been affected by eviction at some point. If we assume that some share respondents fail to report informal evictions, this estimate is most likely understated.
While experiencing eviction is a worst-case scenario with dire effects, a much larger share of renters still struggle with some form of rental insecurity. Their analysis shows that 18 percent of respondents had difficulty paying all or part of their rent within the past three months. The issue is particularly acute for low-income renters, 27.5 percent of whom were recently unable to pay their full rent.
Seven percent of respondents were threatened with eviction within the past year, which is more than double the share that was evicted from their previous residence. According to Salviati, “this is likely due in part to the fact that many renters choose to move voluntarily to avoid eviction. While doing so allows a renter to maintain a clean eviction record, moving under these stressful circumstances still poses many of the same problems as an actual eviction.”
Black households more than twice as likely to face eviction compared to white households.
When breaking down the data by race, we find that 11.9 percent of black households faced an eviction threat in the past year, compared to just 5.4 percent of white households. Asian households are least likely to face eviction, with just 2.5 percent of Asian respondents reporting a threatened eviction in the past year. This holds true even when controlling for education.
For those with a high school diploma or less, 15.2 of black respondents reported facing an eviction threat within the past year, compared to 10.5 percent of white households and just 5.6 percent of Asian households. This racial disparity holds for more educated respondents, as well; black households have the highest eviction rates at all levels of educational attainment. We obtained similar results when controlling for income; 15.6 percent of low-income black respondents faced an eviction threat, compared to 9 percent of low-income white respondents.
Hispanic households tend to have lower eviction rates than white households Salviati said “If we assume that some share of Hispanic respondents are undocumented immigrants, this result may suggest that such households are more likely to move voluntarily to avoid an eviction record, for fear of deportation.”
Households with children twice as likely to face an eviction threat, regardless of marital status
Single parent households are at the highest risk, with 30.1 percent reporting difficulty paying rent within the past three months. However, married couples with children do not fare much better, with 27.2 percent struggling to pay rent. For those without children, the rates are 14.7 percent for single respondents and 13.3 percent of married respondents. Apartmentlist.com says their findings are “consistent with previous research showing that, among tenants who appear in eviction court, those with children are significantly more likely to be evicted.”
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